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Historical background

Almost for 90 years from the date of formation the domestic justice has passed a difficult thorny road of formation, having sustained oppression of reprisals, fire civil and the Great Patriotic War of wars, years of ruin, restoration of a national economy, time of stagnation and bitterness of consequences of reorganisation. Many nice sons of the Kazakh people on a debt of heart became lawyers-professionals and have devoted the life to service to justice. These years have been filled by persistent work and tireless thirst of search of new methods in the organisation of work of judicial authorities.
Sources of formation of judicial authorities in territory of the post-Soviet territory the roots leave in far October, 1917 full of dramatic nature when the National commissariat of justice of RSFSR to which the management of judicial, public prosecutor's, investigatory and notarial bodies was assigned has been created, and with 1930 on 1934 in connection with liquidation of the National commissariat of internal affairs of RSFSR - and a management of activity of correctional labour institutions.
On August, 26th, 1920 the Independent Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic has been formed. For an administrative office To () the Soviet Socialist Republics have been formed national commissariats, among them on the second place the National commissariat of justice appeared. There were years, reforms alternated, on particles experience gathered, and together with it shots of judicial authorities were forged. Independence of Republic Kazakhstan has opened new page in activity of the Ministry of Justice. Historical changes have caused a birth of the major acts of sovereign republic.
On July, 10th, 1919 - the Decree About formation of Independent Kirghiz Socialist Soviet Republic is accepted. Among national commissariats the National commissariat of justice has been confirmed.
On September, 30th, 1919 - at session of Kirrevkoma the report of the head of department of internal affairs of A.B.Bajtursunova on necessity of formation of department of justice and then the decision of Kirrevkoma about formation of department of justice is accepted at Revolutionary-military committee is heard.
On October, 1st, 1919 - the department of justice is organised. Department managed B.Karaldin (it secretary Kirrevkoma), Kachkovsky (it the chairman in a revolutionary way-court of inquiry at Kirrevkome), Zadorozhnyj (it a member of board of internal affairs).
On December, 9th, 1919 - at session of Voenrevkoma the decision on formation of board of department of justice is accepted.
On December, 10th, 1919 - at session of board of department of justice of Kirrevkoma questions on the organisation of the Central management of the Kirghiz edge on department of justice about the device in territory of the Kirghiz edge of a judicial part are considered. The existing department of justice at Kirrevkome is transformed to the Commissariat of justice. The commissariat of justice was body legislative, instructing, informing and uniting bodies of all departments of the justice which are in territory of the Kirghiz edge. The commissariat of justice transferred all instructions, decisions, orders, instructions, positions and managements to the statement of Voenrevkoma and worked in close contact to regional court of inquiry, the Commissariat of internal affairs and the All-Russia commissariat of justice.
On March, 11th, 1920 - the Revolutionary-military committee has reorganised regional and local courts of inquiry. Has confirmed the Time commission in following structure: the chairman of board B.V.Karatayev, members Tanachev and Tokarev.
On July, 13th, 1920 - the decision of Kirrevkoma About the basic beginnings of a control mean of the Soviet power in the Kirghiz Republic is published. According to article 5 of the decision the Central department of justice admits as regional body to which management and management of a judicial part in all territory of republic is assigned.
On September, 24th, 1920 - the first commissioner of justice of Gubajdulla Alibekov has signed the first order.
4. On October, 12th, 1920 - at constituent congress of Councils Kirghiz (Kazakh) АССР problems of the National commissariat of justice are defined.
On October, 20th, 1920 - Sovnarkom the decision has obliged Narkomjust immediately to start working out of the project of Position about Narkomjuste and the organisation of national courts.
On December, 25th, 1920 - the Decree about cancellation of a bride money at the Kirghiz (Kazakhs) is signed.
On December, 27th, 1920 - the Decree about cancellation куна at the Kirghiz (Kazakhs) has come into force from the date of publication.
On January, 12th, 1921 - the commissioner of justice G.Alibekov has signed the decision of the National commissariat of justice № 66 about formation нарсуда 1st site of Adaevsky district.
On February, 17th, 1921 - Chairman KirTsIka, the national commissioner of justice, secretary KirTsIka G.Alibekovym sign the Instruction of the National commissariat of justice КАССР on acceptance of the Decree about cancellation куна the Kirghiz (Kazakhs), approved by Presidium KirTsIka and Sovnarkomom.
In Orenburg in 1921 - the people's commissar of justice G.Alibekovym signs the Decree About the marriage right at the Kirghiz, Kazakhs.
March, 1921 - Sovnarkom has confirmed Position about Narkomjuste which structure consisted of 5 departments: judicial (the organisation of work of local judicial authorities and legal agencies), konsultatsionno-kodifikatsionno-publishing, central-retaliatory (knew jails), financial and economic, liquidating (put into practice the Decree about branch of church from the state).
On November, 10th, 1921 - Kazispolkom has confirmed the Decree about struggle with скотокрадством.
On November, 13th, 1921 - the national commissioner of justice Shafkatom Bekmuhamedovym signs the instructive letter in national courts of provinces and in tribunals.
The middle of 1922 - radical restructurings of law-enforcement system have begun. Reforming has been caused by objective requirements of transition to new economic policy. Created with dissolution of All-Union extreme committee the State political management (ГПУ) was entered into structure of the Commissariat of internal affairs. According to the decision and position about judicial building creation трехзвенной systems was planned: national court, provincial court and the Supreme court. Decisions ВЦИКа about creation of Office of Public Prosecutor, legal profession and the arbitration commission have been accepted. There were first Soviet codes: the Criminally-remedial code (on May, 25th), the Criminal code (on May, 26th), the Civil code (on October, 31st). There has begun work on the project of the Constitution of the USSR the commission created for this purpose.
On July, 13th, 1922 - at III session of Kazispolkoma Positions about public prosecutor's supervision and about legal profession are accepted. Additions are made to IX part of the Criminal code of RSFSR about a bride money interdiction, скотокрадства, ruthless punishment of a cannibalism.
On December, 22nd, 1922 - the instructive letter on necessity of suppression of criminality is signed.
On January, 9th, 1923 - on board Narkomjusta the Position project about creation of the Kazakh branch of the Supreme court of RSFSR was discussed.
On January, 12th, 1923 - for introduction in territory of republic of Position about judicial building by a justice Commissariat on provinces the circular № 11 about the organization of provincial courts is dispatched.
On January, 20th, 1923 - at the closed meeting of Council of work and defense results of struggle against bribery in Kazakhstan are heard.
On December, 9th, 1919 - at session of Voenrevkoma the decision on formation of board of department of justice is accepted.
On February, 13th, 1923 - at Presidium Kazobkoma session "the report of the national commissioner of justice and the public prosecutor of republic M.Atanijazova is heard Of the statement of structure of court".
On March, 11th, 1920 - the Revolutionary-military committee has reorganized regional and local courts of inquiry. Has confirmed the Time commission in following structure: the chairman of board B.V.Karatayev, members Tanachev and Tokarev.
On July, 13th, 1920 - the decision of Kirrevkoma About the basic beginnings of a control mean of the Soviet power in the Kirghiz Republic is published. According to decision article 5 the Central department of justice admits as regional body to which management and management of a judicial part in all territory of republic is assigned.
On March, 23rd, 1923 - KazTsIK has confirmed new Position about the National commissariat of justice Kirghiz (Kazakh) АССР. Наркомюст consisted of following departments: судоустройства and supervision; is administrative-financial; 13 legislative assumptions and kodifikatsionno-publishing; Offices of Public Prosecutor.
On March, 23rd, 1923 - the circular of Narkomjusta about obligatory attraction to judicial work of women is signed.
On May, 15th, 1923 - in Orenburg the first regional six-monthly legal courses have opened. The first release consisted of 38 persons.
On November, 20th, 1923 - board Narkomjusta KASSR confirms Position about regional legal courses at Narkomjuste КАССР.
On December, 28th, 1923 - at session of the Big Presidium of the Kirghiz (Kazakh) central executive committee the decision about the Main disciplinary court is confirmed at KirTsIKe.
11 – on January, 18th, 1924 - in Orenburg the first republican council of public prosecutors has taken place.
On June, 26th, 1924 - the Kirghiz (Kazakh) executive committee has accepted the decision about a commission direction in Semipalatinsk, Akmolinsky and Tourist's Gajsky provinces for liquidation барымты. By the chairman of the commission the commissioner of justice S.Bekmuhamedov has been appointed.
15 – on April, 19th, 1925 - has taken place V общеказахский congress on which the people's commissar of justice K.Boranbaev has delivered the report to the Government of the Kirghiz (Kazakh) Independent Soviet Socialist Republic.
On November, 25th, 1925 - in Kzyl-Orda has opened II общеказахский congress of the Soviet workers of justice.
On February, 25th, 1927 - the Central executive committee KASSR has accepted new Position about a high treason.
On October, 17th, 1928 - ВЦИКом and СНК the certificate "About bringing to criminal liability for counteraction at confiscation and dispatch" is accepted.
October, 1929 - ВЦИКом and СНК is accepted the certificate "About acceptance of measures to organizers of terrorist actions against rural and аульных active workers".
February, 1930 - KazTsIKom and СНК is accepted the Decree "About socialist transformations to agriculture and struggle against fists".
On August, 26th, 1937 - the decision of Sovnarkoma of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic "About struggle against gamble" is accepted.
April, 1938 - faculty of law at Almaty institute of the Soviet building is transformed to Legal institute.
On August, 16th, 1938 - the Law "About судоустройстве" is passed.
On October, 25th, 1939 - Sovnarkom has accepted new Position about Narkomjuste. As a part of the Commissariat managements of legal agencies, shots, educational institutions functioned; кодификационный, mobilization, notarial, organizational, confidentially-shifrovalnyj, according to plan-financial departments; legal profession department, kontrolno-inspection groups, secretary, archive, legal publishing house. At Narkomjuste the board is created. Its structure affirms Sovnarkomom from put forward by the commissioner of justice of nominees. 1946 - according to the Decree of Presidium of the Supreme body and the law accepted by IX session of the Supreme body of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic, the Council of National Commissioners has been transformed to Ministerial council of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic. From this point on the National commissariat of justice began to be called as the Ministry of Justice of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic.